Continuando nossa pesquisa sobre a China, encontramos mais um interessante artigo (de dezembro de 2010, mas revisado em maio deste ano) do Prof. Yuqing Xing, do National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies, em Tokyo, Japão. Desta feita é sobre como produtos como o iPhone aumentam o déficit comercial dos EUA em relação à China. Abaixo segue o abstract do artigo, que pode ser baixado aqui!
How the iPhone Widens the United States Trade Deficit with the People’s Republic of China
In this paper, we use the iPhone as a case to show that even high-tech products invented by United States (US) companies will not increase US exports, but on the contrary exacerbate the US trade deficit. The iPhone contributed US$1.9 billion to the US trade deficit with the People’s Republic of China (PRC). Unprecedented globalization, well organized global production networks, repaid development of cross-country production fragmentation, and low transportation costs all contributed to rational firms such as Apple making business decisions that contributed directly to the US trade deficit reduction. Global production networks and highly specialized production processes apparently reverse trade patterns: developing countries such as the PRC export high-tech goods—like the iPhone—while industrialized countries such as the US import the high-tech goods they themselves invented. In addition, conventional trade statistics greatly inflate bilateral trade deficits between a country used as export-platform by multinational firms and its destination countries.