Continuando nossa discussão iniciada no post anterior de que a China talvez não seja um centro de inovação, eis aqui mais uma evidência de que a China oferece mais mitos do que realidade.
Desta feita apresentamos um artigo muito interessante do National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies do Japão, escrito por Yuqing Xing .
O paper pode ser baixado aqui e o abstract segue abaixo!
China’s leading position in high-tech exports is a myth created by outdated trade statistics, which are inconsistent with the trade based on global supply chains. Assembled high-tech products, made with imported key parts and components, accounted for 82% of China’s high-tech exports. Current trade statistics mistakenly credit entire values of these assembled products to China, thus greatly inflate the export value. For instance, in 2009 China’s export in the iPhone amounted US$4.6 billion, of which only 3.6% was the value added by Chinese workers; its annual export in laptop PC valued at US$52 billion, but assembly accounted for only 3% of the gross value. In addition, 83% of China’s high-tech exports was attributed to foreign invested firms, in particular Taiwanese owned companies. Taiwan-IT companies have relocated 95% of their production/assembly capacity into and transferred mainland China to a top assembler of information and communication technology, such as laptop PCs, digital cameras and all i-products.